Blog about CBD oil

Blog about CBD oil

What is CBD oil (cannabidiol)?

CBD cannabidiol molecule
CBD cannabidiol molecule

The popularity of CBD products is increasing more and more and with it the number of questions. In this blog we will try to answer the most common questions that we get asked.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is one of the more than 60 substances from the cannabis plant. CBD has become very popular because of its healing and non-psychoactive effect. It is still regularly thought that THC is processed in CBD products. THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive and intoxicating substance found in the cannabis plant. It is usually consumed by smoking THC-rich strains of cannabis such as marijuana but it is not present into CBD oil  and other CBD products that are intended for healing.

CBD is a substance found in the body. It acts on the endocannabinoid system of all mammals (humans and animals). The endocannabinoid system contributes among others to a good night's sleep, a good mood, a good functioning of the nervous system, a good blood sugar level, the recovering capacity of the skin, good bone growth, good blood pressure,  good stomach function, reduced symptoms of aging and the changing moods during the menstrual cycle.

CBD oil has a good effect on the endocannabinoid system; the brain, reduces inflammation, calms the central nervous system and helps with pain.  Plus there are no known side effects.

CBD is also prescribed by various doctors and therapists for the following effects:

  • quiets the mind
  • relaxation
  • calming effects
  • increases appetite
  • anti-epileptic
  • counterpart to THC
  • works against nausea
  • CBD protects DNA from oxidative damage
  • CBD can also enhance the uptake of cell-killing drugs in malignant cells
  • reduces inflammation up to 30%
  • anti-spasm

In summary, CBD can have a healing or curative effect on numerous complaints and you need not be afraid of a psychoactive effect, the THC that causes this is not present in these CBD products sold by Optima. 

Where does CBD come from?

CBD and THC are present in both hemp and marijuana, with the major difference being the amount found in each strain of the plant. Extracts made from cannabis with a low THC content are derived from hemp, those with a high THC content are derived from marijuana.

Hundreds of organic compounds are found in cannabis plants. Cannabidiol (CBD) is - after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - the substance most commonly found in cannabis Sativa and cannabis Indica plants.

To process this into CBD oil, it is extracted in a concentrated pure form. To make use of it, it is diluted by mixing it with a sump oil or plant fats (hemp oil, coconut oil or beeswax are the most common).

It is important that the plants used for making CBD oil grow in a safe and clean way. In this way, it is possible to get the purest and best product possible. When the soil and water is not clean, or there are still chemicals or pesticides present, the cannabis plant will absorb them. These substances will end up in the CBD oil.

In summary, CBD comes from cannabis plants that grow on clean, unpolluted soil and with filtered water.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

There are many similarities between CBD and THC in their chemical structure, in fact they have exactly the same molecules. Both consist of 30 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms and two oxygen atoms. The main difference between the two is found in the arrangement of these atoms and the effects they have on the body.

Due to the similar chemical composition of CBD and THC, they can affect the body by stimulating the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors.

CB1 receptors are located in the brain and central nervous system, which are linked to hormones, heart health and digestion. While CB2 receptors are located in the immune system and help moderate inflammation and the immune response.

CBD does not interact with CB2 receptors, but only stimulates them to produce their own endocannabinoids. CBD stimulates chemical reactions in CB2 receptors, which signal chemical reactions in neurotransmitters. These transmitters control messages between cells, which are responsible for bodily functions such as immunity, sleep and pain.

THC has a higher binding affinity than CBD, therefore it binds directly to the CB1 receptors in the brain, causing feelings of euphoria (a 'high' feeling). CBD does not bind to CB1 receptors like THC, it only stimulates the CB2 receptors, therefore it does not have the same high inducing effects as THC and is non-psychoactive.

In summary, the main difference between CBD and THC is that CBD only stimulates the CB2 receptors to produce its own endocannabinoids, while THC binds directly to the CB1 receptors in the brain, which can cause a "high" feeling.

What are the benefits of CBD and THC?

CBD and THC have similar properties and benefits that can boost well-being in the body. However, it is also important to know the differences in legitimacy, potential benefits and possible side effects.

What are the side effects of CBD and THC?

While CBD and THC are similar in many ways, the main difference between the two is found in their side effects. CBD is mostly tolerable, even in a large dose. There are no known side effects from the CBD itself. However, reactions can occur when taking other medicines or drugs with CBD.

The possible side effects of CBD (in combination with other medicines) are:

  • Light-headedness
  • Stuffy stomach
  • Low blood pressure

The main side effects of THC include:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Less saliva (dry mouth)
  • Slower reactions
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Increased appetite
  • Red eyes

The side effects are usually temporary and disappear within a few hours. None of these side effects are serious enough to cause death. The long term side effects of THC are more negative than those of CBD of which none are known. Especially when THC is taken in large quantities over time. THC can potentially have long-term mental health effects that can lead to psychiatric disorders.

In summary, the main difference of side effects is that CBD by itself does not cause side effects and THC does, especially when taken for a longer period of time.

The legality of CBD.

CBD is a substance that occurs in the hemp plant and for that reason it falls under the Opium Act. In the Netherlands, CBD with a THC level of below 0.2% is legal and can be sold everywhere. Since most CBD products meet these requirements, CBD is 100% legal and can be used and sold freely. CBD is in fact a natural food supplement, which just like vitamins can support the body. On the other hand, cannabis oil, made of the Cannabis plant, is prohibited. Cannabis oil contains a high concentration of THC. Weed oil cannot be sold and is prohibited by law. This is included in the Dutch legislation.

However, the production of CBD in the Netherlands is not yet legal. In Europe, marijuana and cannabis laws differ from country to country. According to EU law, CBD products may not contain more than 0.2% THC. This applies to all countries in the European Union. Always check your state and country laws before buying CBD products, even if they are derived from hemp.

CBD and THC can remain in the body long after ingestion. For days and even weeks they can be stored in the body's fat cells, meaning they can show up on a drug test even if it's been a while since it was ingested.

In summary, the main difference between CBD and THC is that CBD only stimulates the CB2 receptors to produce its own endocannabinoids, while THC binds directly to the CB1 receptors in the brain, which can cause a "high" feeling.

What are the benefits of CBD and THC?

CBD and THC have similar properties and benefits that can boost wellbeing in the body. However, it is also important to know the differences in legitimacy, potential benefits and possible side effects.

When choosing products derived from Cannabis Sativa, it is important to know whether they are derived from hemp or marijuana. It can be difficult to know a clear difference between CBD and THC, so here is a table with an overview to help:

Is it found in the hemp plant?


CBD is abundant in hemp.


It contains 0.3% THC or less.

Is it found in marijuana?


In lower quantities than with hemp.


It contains up to 30% THC.

Does it create a high?


CBD is non-psychoactive.


THC is psychoactive and creates feelings of euphoria.

Is it legal?


The laws of your country and the US state may differ.


The laws of the country and of the US state may differ.

What are the therapeutic benefits?Helps promote general well-being, sleep, relaxation, calmness and reduce inflammation, among other things.Helps with loss of appetite, pain and sleep, among other things.
Do they have a large assortment?


A very wide range, from CBD gum to supplements, oil and suppositories.


The focus is mainly on recreational cannabis.

Does it work with the endocannabinoid system?


CBD stimulates the CB2 receptors that regulate control, immunity, sleep and pain.


THC binds to the CB1 receptors in the brain and central nervous system.

Will it show up on a drug test?Possibly.


It depends on the type of strain the CBD came from.



THC binds to the CB1 receptors in the brain and central nervous system.

In summary, there are benefits to both CBD and THC, only they are different.


Does it show up on a drug test?  

Possibly, but the chances are a lot lower then if you take oil with THC in it. It depends on the type of test and what the CBD is derived from.

What should I pay attention to when buying CBD?

The supply of CBD products is overwhelming and it is difficult to make the right choice. There is a choice of CBD oil, paste, capsules, tablets, plasters, pastilles, muscle balm, spray, balm, soap, ointment, tea, drink, powder, cream, skin oil, lip balm, edibles, crystals, suppositories, chewing gum, cosmetics and much more. In this blog, we will try to give an overview of some important points you can pay attention to when buying a CBD oil or other CBD product.

Check where the products are produced and whether the CBD products contain less than 0.3% THC.
Choose reputable companies to buy your CBD products from. Some companies may mislabel their products, use unsafe manufacturing practices, or products may contain chemicals and inaccurate amounts of CBD or THC. Look for companies that publish their lab results and check the results before taking products.
Always check the laws of the state/country you live in or the laws you travel under before using any cannabis-based product. If you are in possession of CBD or THC in states or countries where it is prohibited, you may face legal problems.
If you are subject to drug testing, choose products with ZERO percent THC. There is still a small chance of a positive result, especially if the tests are CBD sensitive. However, the chance of a positive result is extremely small if you choose a THC-free product.
In summary, it is important to do proper research on the origin of the products in order to determine whether they fall within the legislation and you do not make a bad purchase.

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